Global Distribution of Microbe Resistance found in Sewage


Alex Wierbinski's picture

By Alex Wierbinski - Posted on 08 March 2019

HEALTH & FITNESS

Global Distribution of Microbe Resistance found in Sewage

Antimicrobial Resistance World Map
Antimicrobial Resistance World Map by Frank Aarestrup.
Predictions of antimicrobial abundance in all countries and territories in the world, coloured according to predicted abundance of resistance from light blue (low abundance) to dark blue (high abundance), map by Frank Aarestrup.

 

Sewage Reveals Levels of Antimicrobial Resistance Worldwide,
Technical University of Denmark, March 8, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Resistance Survey
“A comprehensive analysis of sewage collected in 74 cities in 60 countries has yielded the first, comparable global data, which show the levels and types of antimicrobial resistant bacteria that are present in mainly healthy people in these countries.”

Two Groups
“North America, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand generally have the lowest levels of antimicrobial resistance, while Asia, Africa and South America have the highest levels.”

Highest & Lowest Resistance Diversity
“Brazil, India and Vietnam have the greatest diversity in resistance genes, while Australia and New Zealand have the lowest.”

Resistant Bugs in Healthy Population
“...a world map of resistance in healthy populations. According to their estimates, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Sweden have the lowest levels of resistance, whereas Tanzania, Vietnam and Nigeria have the highest levels. According to the estimates, Denmark has the sixth lowest level of antimicrobial resistance.”

Why
Sanitation Conditions
“...are associated with the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in a country, are related to the sanitary conditions in the country and the population's general state of health.”

Monitoring Sewage
"Analysing sewage can quickly and relatively cheaply show exactly which bacteria abound in an area--and collecting and analysing sewage doesn't require ethical approval, as the material cannot be traced back to individuals. Both parameters help to make a surveillance system via sewage a viable option--also in developing countries."

 

Last

Sewage More than Just a Monitoring Point

March 6, 2019:
Waste Treatment Plants: Antibiotic Resistance Factories

 

 

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