Where Has All the Heat Gone? Into Changing the Circulation of the Deep Blue Sea...

Alex Wierbinski's picture

By Alex Wierbinski - Posted on 11 January 2019


Into the Sea
Land, Sea, Ice, & Atmosphere
Total Earth System Heat Content
Total Earth System Heat Content, From Nuccitelli et al. (2012).
Most of the excess heat from Global Warming has entered the Oceans. Land, atmosphere, and ice heating (red), 0-700 meter OHC increase (light blue), 700-2,000 meter OHC increase (dark blue).  From Nuccitelli et al. (2012), and added to the SkS Climate Graphics Page.


Where Has All the Heat Gone? Into Changing the Circulation of the Deep Blue Sea...

A century and half of reconstructed ocean warming offers clues for the future,
University of Oxford, January 7, 2019.


Global Warming
“Over the past century, increased greenhouse gas emissions have given rise to an excess of energy in the Earth system.”

More than 90% of Heating into Oceans
“...More than 90% of this excess energy has been absorbed by the ocean...”

“...the oceans are absorbing most of the excess energy in the climate system arising from greenhouse gases emitted by human activities.”

How Much Warming
“...global warming of the oceans of 436 x 1021 Joules has occurred from 1871 to present (roughly 1000 times annual worldwide human primary energy consumption) and that comparable warming happened over the periods 1920-1945 and 1990-2015.”

How Much Energy
436 x 1021 Joules?
A Hell of a Lot
“The excess heat absorbed by the oceans in that time frame is around 1,000 times the annual energy use of the entire population of Earth...by the equivalent of one atomic bomb explosion per second for the past 150 years.”
Above from Seeker, 1-9-19

New Approach to Heat Analysis
This, “...technique to reconstruct ocean warming is based on a mathematical approach originally developed to reconstruct manmade CO2 uptake by the ocean.

Changing Ocean Circulation Patterns
“...in the last 60 years up to half the observed warming and associated sea level rise in low- and mid- latitudes of the Atlantic Ocean is due to changes in ocean circulation. During this period, more heat has accumulated at lower latitudes than would have if circulation were not changing.”

Fitting Reality
“...the consistency of the new estimate with direct temperature measurements gives the team confidence in their approach.”


Recent Atlantic Circulation Research

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ARCTIC ICE, 2018: Beauford Sea Instability Points to Arctic Ocean Transformation

Arctic Roots of Increasing Extreme Weather


Recent Ocean Warming Research

Climate Change News, 2018, Ocean Effects of Warming Times: Ocean Oxygen Disappearing

Arctic Report Card Documents 'Cascading Effects' Of Warming Ocean Temperatures

2018 Ocean Research: O2 Distribution Changing in World’s Oceans

Ocean Acidification Melting the Damn Floor of the Sea!


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