Mountain Health, Fitness, & Safety: Two Ways to Die Under the Snow: Suffocation & Freezing


Alex Wierbinski's picture

By Alex Wierbinski - Posted on 31 May 2019

 

HEALTH, FITNESS, & FAILED MOUNTAIN SAFETY

Two Ways to Die Under the Snow: Suffocation & Freezing

Avalanche Victims: When can Rewarming Lead to Survival?
Eurac Research, May 28, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

"This study analysed the data relating to 103 avalanche victims admitted with cardiac arrest to seven major hospitals in Europe, between 1995 and 2016."

Two Types of Avalanche Deaths
"Of the 103 victims, 61 were rewarmed, but only 10 per cent survived; in the other cases it was not the hypothermia that caused the cardiac arrest, but suffocation during the avalanche or trauma."

The Survival Standard
Frozen or Suffocation Heart Stoppage?
"...hospitals require accurate guidelines based on significant evidence to justify extracorporeal rewarming using the heart-lung machine."

Survival Standards Found
"The factors that have emerged as decisive in this study are the core temperature and the concentration of serum potassium, the latter is related to cell degeneration. Using both these parameters, doctors can assess which patients have the potential to survive and which do not."

Survival Standards Defined
"In relation to body temperature, the limit is 30 degrees: no avalanche victim suffering from cardiac arrest with a core temperature higher than 30 degrees can survive rewarming. The potassium concentration in the blood should not exceed 7mmol/litres."

 

 

The Bottom Line

We want to freeze to death under an avalanche, rather than squished or suffocated, if we want even a slim chance of recovery.

 

 

Avalanches in the Sierra Nevada

News

Mountain Safety 2018: Mammoth Mountain Avalanche

 

Squaw, March, 2018: Caught in a Massive Avalanche, and Surviving

 

Search Continues for Missing Marine

 

 

Warming High-Angle Ice Disaster

Global Warming Avalanches: Here Comes the Himalayan Ice

 

 

Avalanche Information

High Sierra Avalanche Center: Tahoe Region

High Sierra Avalanche Center: Central Sierra

High Sierra Avalanche Center: East Sierra

 

 

ALL HEALTH & FITNESS NEWS & RESEARCH

Mountain Safety Section

May 2019 News of Man & Nature

 

 

 

TOP

 

 

 

More
Nature News

 

Climate Destruction News

 

Trees

Bee News

Bear News

Spider Forum

Bird News

Small Mammals

Frogs and Reptiles

Butterfly News

 

Health and Fitness

Mountain Safety

Mosquito News

Female Trail

High Sierra History

 

Astro-Phys, Space, & Science News

High Sierra Geology News

Fish, Oceans, & Water News

Anthropocene

 

All High Sierra News

 

 

TOP

 

mountain, safety, health, fitness, avalanche, survival, rewarming, standards

 

Powered by Drupal, an open source content management system

Latest News: RSS FEED

Syndicate content

Support Tahoe to Whitney

The Tahoe to Whitney Trail Guide and Magazine are walked, written, funded, and supported by my efforts, with the help of kindred spirits and my sister.

We offer valuable Trail Guide, Skills, Weather, News and Analysis.

My goal is to get you out to see your natural and social potential. Help me keep this unique resource accessible and expanding towards its potential. We've a lot of miles to cover ahead...

I NEED HELP!
If you feel these efforts are valuable, I'm cordially inviting you to support them, here:

 

 

I am currently working towards publishing the completed guide between Tahoe & Yosemite as an e-book, while converting this "blog" to a fine magazine format. You will like the results! Help Tahoe to Whitney reach its potential!

 

Why Support Tahoe to Whitney?
Mission Statement