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Sierra Science-Environment News


News and information about the Sierra Nevada Environment, and the environment in general. Posts about science in the Sierra Nevada Mountains.

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WEATHER for High Sierra Backpackers: REPORTS, FORECASTS, PREDICTIONS, SNOW, ROADS, CONDITIONS sticky icon

    HIGH SIERRA WEATHER RESOURCES

 First
Key Quick Reference 

 

HEAVY SMOKE 
GOES E
NW US TRUE COLOR
Smoke Fills the San Joaquin Valley

GOES E GeoColor True Color daytime, multispectral IR at night

ALL SMOKE RESOURCES

MODIS
November 15, 2018

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INYO ROADS & TRAILS at the DOORSTEP of the WINTER of 2018 sticky icon

Mountain Road Closures

Pass update and State of the Inyo National Forest,
Sierra Wave, November 15, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

WINTER CLOSURE
“State Route 203 (SR-203) from Mammoth Mountain Inn to the Mono/Madera County Line is now closed for the winter season.”

TRAIL MAP: Donohue Pass to Reds Meadow, including bottom of 203

REPAIR CLOSURE
“State Route 168W (SR-168W) (Bishop Creek) will temporarily close at the winter gate just above Cardinal Village for maintenance work and incoming inclement weather on Monday, November 19th at 9:00 a.m. The reopening of this route is dependent upon the completion of road work and favorable weather.”

TRAIL MAP: Muir Ranch to Bishop Pass, including top of 168, where it splits for Lake Sabrina or South Lake

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Unrecognized Carrington Event blew the Mines, Effects of Space Weather blows my Mind sticky icon

CELESTIAL, ASTRONOMICAL CLIMATOLOGY: SPACE WEATHER

Unrecognized Carrington Event blew the Mines, Effects of Space Weather blows my Mind

Powerful solar storm likely detonated mines during Vietnam War,
AGU, November 12, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

"A strong solar storm in 1972 caused widespread disturbances to satellites and spacecraft, and may have led to the detonation of mines during the Vietnam War..."

“This is a Carrington-class storm that has gone under the radar.”

"The solar activity damaged spacecraft and satellites, and led to power issues across North America. Auroras, resulting from charged particles from the Sun interacting with air in Earth’s upper atmosphere, were visible in the northern United States and southern United Kingdom."

"On the same day, while observing the coastal waters of North Vietnam from aircraft, US Navy personnel witnessed dozens of destructor sea mines exploding with no obvious cause."

"...the destructor mines were designed to trigger if they sensed changes in magnetic fields associated with moving ships. Solar activity is known to perturb Earth’s magnetic field, and in early August 1972, the perturbations were likely strong enough to meet the magnetic requirements for detonation."

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Carbon Calculations Wrong? More CO2 into Oceans than Previously Predicted? sticky icon

 

UPDATE
Or Not?
A Major Problem with "Carbon Calculations Wrong," the Paper Below

It seems the researchers got their carbon calculations wrong...

A major problem with the Resplandy et al. ocean heat uptake paper,
Climate, Etc., November 6, 2018.

Main Point
"Assuming I am right that Resplandy et al. have miscalculated the trend in ΔAPOClimate, and hence the trend in ocean heat content (OHC), implied by their data, the corrected OHC trend estimate for 1991–2016 (Figure 2: lower horizontal red line) is about average compared with the other estimates they showed, and below the average for 1993–2016."

The Error
Error acknowledgement by one of the original researchers:

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Hidden Trends in our Changing Global Climate Revealed sticky icon

CLIMATE CHANGES DRAMATICALLY UNDERESTIMATED

Statistical Reanalysis Reveals-Explains Anomalous Weather Trends

Overlooked trends in annual precipitation reveal underestimated risks worldwide,
University of Maine, November 13, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

Overlooked Weather Trends
“A reanalysis of worldwide annual trends in precipitation demonstrates that risk to human and environmental systems has been underestimated… they found more than 38 percent of the global population and over 44 percent of land area have been experiencing overlooked precipitation trends.”

Standard Analysis
Performed using, “...the probability distribution function (PDF), where the frequency with which precipitation amounts within a certain interval occur and the probability of exceedance (non-exceedance) above (below) a given threshold can be readily estimated.”

New Analysis using Quantile Regression
“...an innovative trend typology using quantile regression and offer a comprehensive analysis of overlooked trends worldwide.”

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Thoughts on the Composition of Spacetime sticky icon

ASTROPHYSICS

What's the Nature and Rules of this Playground we're Playing In?

Let's Ask Ski !

Spacetime -- a creation of well-known actors?
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences, November 8. 2018.

MAIN POINTS

"What is spacetime? The absolute, unchanging, ever- and omni-present arena of events? Or perhaps it is a dynamic creation, emerging in some way on a certain scale of distance, time or energy?"

"Are space and time separated from matter, creating a “container” for motions and events occurring with the participation of particles, as Democrit proposed in the 5th century BC? Or perhaps they are attributes of matter and could not exist without it, as Aristotle suggested a century later?"

"In quantum mechanics, events take place in a rigid arena with uniformly flowing time. Meanwhile, in the general theory of relativity, matter deforms elastic spacetime (stretching and twisting it), and spacetime tells particles how to move."

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Eco Crash News, 2018: Observing Our Rapidly Shifting Seasons and Ecosystems sticky icon

 

 

 CHANGING WEATHER, 

&
CHANING WORLD,
NEWS

2018

Updated Daily 

November 13,  2018

 

The transitions between seasons, their basic character, their timing, temp, and humidity transitions have all changed. The directions from which the seasonal winds blow have changed. These changes are reverberating through and disrupting webs of life that wrap around the whole planet.

Blooming, feeding, mating, and migration patterns of all living things are changing around the world.

Here we track the obvious and the subtle human affects on Nature. The club and the knife, if you will.

 

LAST MONTHS' CLIMATE NEWS: October through December 2017

 

 

 Updated

November 13

CLIMATE CHANGES DRAMATICALLY UNDERESTIMATED

Statistical Reanalysis Reveals-Explains Anomalous Weather Trends

Overlooked Precipitation Trends Reveal underestimated Global Risks

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Looking into the Mirror of Life III: Astronomy, Astrophysics, and Science News & Research for Good Observers, 2018 sticky icon

 

 

ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS 


Really Big and Really Small Scale Sciences

The Fundamental Nature of Reality Big to Small... 

We follow Astro-physics and Science News for fun, because the Nature of Life itself is pretty darn entertaining on its own merits. Understanding the Nature and construction of our reality is a pragmatic move for all its "operators," but especially for backpacker's finding context in, and navigating the terrain to both ascertain & clarify our place in the Universe.

This is the amazing universe we are walking through.

Interestingly enough, we have to understand the fundamental nature of the motions & relationships within the Universe around us to find our precise position on this Earth, to understand our context within its Nature, and how we can or cannot fit perfectly into the greater Universe around us.

We follow science to better understand ourselves, what we are hiking through, and our choices along our journey.

 

 

Updated 

November 15, 2018

 

LATEST NEWS BELOW

 

 

Previous Astro Phys & Science News Page

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2018 News of Health Science, Fitness, the Human Past, Potential & Pitfalls for Backpackers sticky icon

 

 

Health, Fitness, & The Human Condition 
News and Science

Updated
November 13

 

January 1, 2018:
HAPPY NEW YEAR!

  

 

Latest News Below

 

Earlier Health News
Health & Fitness News, 2015-2017

  

 

Our goal here is to provide the best information how to deal with internal and external threats to your health. But why?

 

FIELD GRADE
Our greater goal is to attain "Field Conditioning." Field Conditioning is an advanced state of fitness where we are capable of moving and operating effectively across great distances over all types of terrain, at high or low altitude, in hot, cold, wet, or dry conditions over extended time spans, under all seasonal conditions, while carrying the weight required to withstand these environmental conditions, feed ourselves well, and safely reach our goal. 

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Looking into the Mirror of Life II: Astronomy, Astrophysics, and Science News & Research for Good Observers sticky icon

ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS 


Really Big and Really Small Scale Sciences

The Fundamental Nature of Reality Big to Small... 

We follow Astro-physics and Science for fun, because the Nature of Life itself is pretty darn entertaining on its own merits. Understanding the Nature and construction of our reality is a pragmatic move for all its "operators," but especially for backpacker's finding context in, and navigating the terrain to both ascertain & clarify our place in the Universe.

This is the amazing universe we are walking through.

Interestingly enough, we have to understand the fundamental nature of the motions & relationships within the Universe around us to find our precise position on this Earth, to understand our context within its Nature, and how we can or cannot fit perfectly into the greater Universe around us.

We follow science to better understand ourselves, what we are hiking through, and our choices along our journey.

 

 

Last Updated 

December 24, 2017

 

September thru December 2017
Astro Phys NEWS BELOW

 

Next Astro Physics Page: 2018

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NEW ERA on our PLANET: Tracking the Anthropocene sticky icon

BELOW

2015
to
JULY, 2018


Next

July 2018 to Present

 

 INTRODUCTION
Nature is no longer in charge. There's a new sheriff in town, and he's a real piece of work. In any case, the greedy motivations of man have replaced the driving fertility of Nature as the leading force on this planet, and even the scientists have noticed. Which means it needs a name...

 

Done. I already named it, when I recognized the depth of our nasty effects a long time ago: The Scum-o-cene. We are leaving the spiritual and physical equivilant of a nasty bathtub ring on the Spirit and Body of Nature as humanity, "consumes" both.

I abhor and reject identification as a, "consumer."

Check out these next introductory articles, then we follow the general outlines of our re-modeling of this world.

 

 REFERENCES

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All News about High Sierra Trees and Plants sticky icon

All Tree News
Generally Covering the Plant World

 

 

All
High Sierra Fire and Smoke Information

High Sierra Tree Identification Resources

Tree Forum

 


The Brethren

FERGUSON FIRE

Updated

 

October 18

TREE NEWS

Pando in Trouble

Massive organism is crashing on our watch

 

 

 

October 2

 

CLIMATE CHANGING PLANTS

Taller Plants, Now Our Hot Climate’s Thickening their Leaves?

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News of Fish, Water, Oceans, Ice, and People sticky icon

This is the High Sierra
Fish &
 Water News

The Fish News has been stretching into Fish & River News, now into covering Water Issues generally.

 

Next
2018 Water and Fish News

 

Below
June 2015
to
December 28, 2017

Last Updated
December 28, 2017:

 

Nestle Water Heist Update

State DWR & NPR Discover Theivery, Yawn, Don't Care, Will Issue Permit

 

 

 

December 24

The Great Water Ripoff Advances

SoCal will Grow at All Costs to Man & Nature

 

 

Symbolic of the Corporate Ripoff

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Looking into the Mirror of Life sticky icon

ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS
&
Really Big and Really Small Scale Sciences

The Fundamental Nature of Reality Big to Small... 

We follow Astro-physics and Science for fun, because the Nature of Life itself is pretty darn entertaining on its own merits. Understanding the Nature and construction of our reality is a pragmatic move for all its "operators," but especially for backpacker's finding context in, and navigating the terrain to both ascertain & clarify our place in the Universe.

Alex Wierbinski's picture

2018: Free Press Failure puts 5 Major Crops In Crosshairs Of Climate

CRASHING POLITICS & PRESS HONESTY CRASHES CLIMATE & ECONOMY

NPR-PBS Lead the Overpopulation-Offshoring Charge
that broke our Environment, while Dissassociating itself from Consequences-Responsibility

5 Major Crops In The Crosshairs Of Climate Change,
NPR, October 25, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

"Climate change is coming like a freight train, or a rising tide."

"Here are five foods, and food-growing places, that will see the impact."

"Wheat"
"...the country where the impact may be greatest also is among least well-equipped to cope with a shortfall. India is likely to see a large drop in wheat production due to heat stress — about 8 percent if average global temperatures rise by 1 degree Celsius..."

"...wheat may not be in short supply in a warmer world. Russia, which is already a major wheat exporter, may be able to expand the amount of land devoted to this crop."

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Ancient Black Hole Engine of Life & Death: Abell 2597

 

 

ASTROPHYSICS

Ancient Engines of Life & Death
Composite image of the Abell 2597 galaxy cluster showing the fountain-like flow of gas powered by the supermassive black hole in the central galaxy. Credit ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), Tremblay et al.; NRAO/AUI/NSF, B. Saxton; NASA/Chandra; ESO/VLT.
Composite image of the Abell 2597 galaxy cluster showing the fountain-like flow of gas powered by the supermassive black hole in the central galaxy. More...ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), Tremblay et al.; NRAO/AUI/NSF, B. Saxton; NASA/Chandra; ESO/VLT.

 

Galaxy-Scale Fountain Seen in Full Glory,
Infalling and Outflowing Gas Give More Complete Understanding of the Evolution of Galaxies,
National Radio Observatory, November 6, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

A Lively Supercluster
"A billion light-years from Earth lies one of the universe’s most massive structures, a giant elliptical galaxy surrounded by a sprawling cluster of other galaxies known as Abell 2597. At the core of the central galaxy, a supermassive black hole is powering the cosmic equivalent of a monumental fountain, drawing in vast stores of cold molecular gas and spraying them back out again in an ongoing cycle."
(For nine billion years. see CHANDRA main points, below.)

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Eighteen Years to the End of the Line for the Massive B-15 Iceberg

UPDATE on the B15 Series of Mega-Bergs
Just Look at that old Mega-berg...
Space Station view of B15T on September 23, 2018, with South Georgia Island to its NW, thanks to NASA!
NASA Space Station view of B15T on September 23, 2018, with South Georgia Island to its NW

It's still almost as large as South Georgia Island, well, at least it's still on the same scale as South Georgia, and dwarfing the South Sandwich Islands to its East & Southeast, even after floating around for 18 years...

B15T Nearing the End of the Line

A Place Where Icebergs Go to Die,
NASA Earth Obsevatory, October 31, 2018.

 

Canada's BAS PDF Antarctic Map

 

 

Earlier Report

MASSIVE ICEBERGS

Eighteen Years to the End of the Line for Massive Iceberg

Born in 2000, B-15Z Finally Gonna Bite the Dust

End of the Journey for Iceberg B-15Z?
NASA Earth Observatory, June 6, 2018.

 

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2018: Descent of the Summer Triangle, Rise of the Winter Circle

ASTROPHYSICS, ASTRONOMY, & THE SEASONS

Descent of the Summer Triangle,
&
Rise of the Winter Circle

November 3, 2018

 

Above
At Sunset today we can easily find the Summer Triangle, as its bright stars dominate the center of the sky, directly above our heads.

“Paper” Sky Map
with link to
Digital Star Wheel

Eastern Horizon
We can also observe the first rise of the Winter Circle, with the rise of Capella in Auriga out of the Northeast at Sunset, giving us our first look at the rising Winter Circle at Sunset, an event also marking out for us the beginning of the seasonal end of the Summer Triangle. By 10 pm PST we are watching Orion rise out of the East, and by Midnight we can see the full structure of the Winter Circle risen, as Sirius leading the Big Dog finally rises above the horizon, completing the Winter Circle.

Western Edge
On the other side of our Night Sky, along the Western Horizon at Midnight, we are observing Altair and Vega of the Summer Triangle poised just above the Western Horizon, with Deneb just above them, their descent almost perfectly balanced and timed with the rising bright stars of the Winter Circle rising out of the East.

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Wildlife Conservation Society: 77% of Wilderness Gone

ECO-CRASHING NEWS

Vast Majority of Wilderness GONE

A wilderness 'horror story,'
Wildlife Conservation Society, October 31, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

 

77% of Wilderness Gone
“...conservation scientists...say that just 23 percent of the world's landmass can now be considered wilderness, with the rest - excluding Antarctica - lost to the direct effects of human activities.”

End of Wilderness
“These results are nothing short of a horror story for the planet's last wild places. The loss of wilderness must be treated in the same way we treat extinction. There is no reversing once the first cut enters. The decision is forever."

Last Land & Sea Refuges
“Various analyses reveal that wilderness areas provide increasingly important refuges for species that are declining in landscapes dominated by people. In the seas, they are the last regions that still contain viable populations of top predators, such as tuna, marlins and sharks.”

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At the Center of Our Galaxy: Star Orbits Our Black Hole at 2.7% of Light Speed

UPDATE
Matter Itself Observed Falling into Sag A*

 

ASTROPHYSICS

At the Center of Our Galaxy

Star Orbits Our Black Hole at 2.7% of Light Speed
(4971 Miles Per Second)

GRAVITY confirms predictions of general relativity,
CNRS, July 30, 2018.

MAIN POINTS

What
"Sagittarius A* (Sgr A* Black Hole) sits at the centre of our galaxy, 26,000 light-years from Earth. This black hole, which has a mass 4 million times that of the sun, is surrounded by a star cluster - the S stars - which reach mind-boggling speeds when they approach the hole."

Sagittarius A* and its Star Cluster
Sagittarius A* and its star cluster
Credit, Copyright by Paris Observatory / LESIA

"...to follow one particular star in the Sgr A* system - S2 - before and after it passed close to the black hole on 19 May 2018. GRAVITY achieved a resolution of 50 microarcseconds: the angle at which a tennis ball placed on the moon would be visible from Earth."

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