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Health and Fitness

Health and Fitness information for long distance backpackers. Physical and psychological effects of hiking and nature.

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Plastic Poisoning our Planet and People: True Nature and Extent of Plastic and Microplastic Threats Explored


Plastics and Micro-Plastics Poisioning our Planet and People

True Nature and Extent of Plastic Threat Explored

An underestimated threat: Land-based pollution with microplastics,
Forschungsverbund Berlin, February 5, 2018.

Our Plastic Reality

"Over 400 million tons of plastic are produced globally each year."

"...accepted that microplastics contaminate our oceans and are harmful to coastal and marine habitats."

Our Micro-Plastic Reality

"...estimated that one third of all plastic waste ends up in soils or freshwaters. Most of this plastic disintegrates into particles smaller than five millimetres, referred to as microplastics, and breaks down further into nanoparticles, which are less than 0.1 micrometre in size."

Terrestrial Mico-Plastic

"...terrestrial microplastic pollution is much higher than marine microplastic pollution – an estimate of four to 23 times more, depending on the environment."

The Question

"...what effect do fragments of plastic have on ecosystems “on dry land”?"

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Health & Fitness: Psycho Skies, Shitty Skies, Shitty People


Health & Fitness
Psycho Skies

Shitty Skies, Shitty People

Polluted air may pollute our morality,
Association for Psychological Science, February 7, 2018.

Creating the Crappy "Box" we Live Within:

"Exposure to air pollution, even imagining exposure to air pollution, may lead to unethical linked with unethical behavior such as crime and cheating. "

"Previous studies have indicated that exposure to air pollution elevates individuals’ feelings of anxiety. Anxiety is known to correlate with a range of unethical behaviors. Lu and colleagues hypothesized that pollution may ultimately increase criminal activity and unethical behavior by increasing anxiety."

"The researchers found that cities with higher levels of air pollution also tended to have higher levels of crime. This association held even after the researchers accounted for other potential factors, including total population, number of law enforcement employees, median age, gender distribution, race distribution, poverty rate, unemployment rate, unobserved heterogeneity among cities (e.g., city area, legal system), and unobserved time-varying effects (e.g., macroeconomic conditions)."


Imaginary Research?

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Health & Fitness, Chemical Creation of Contextual Memories: How we Navigate


Health & Fitness
Chemical Creation of Contextual Memories

How we Navigate

Study reveals molecular mechanisms of memory formation,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, February 7, 2018.

"Neuroscientists have long known that the brain encodes memories by altering the strength of synapses, or connections between neurons."

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Health News, Corporate Elite Killing Whitey: Mass Immigration & Industrial Offshoring


Health & Fitness News
How the Corporate Elite is Killing Whitey

Mass Immigration & Industrial Offshoring

How to Destroy Societies

Drugs, alcohol and suicides contributing to alarming drop in US life expectancy,
BMJ, February 7, 2018.

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Health & Fitness News, DEEP WOUNDS: New Wound Healing Technology


Health & Fitness News

New Wound Healing Technology

Good for Vast Wounds & Ineffective Antibiotics

New technology for accelerated wound healing discovered,
Uppsala University, February 5, 2018.

"We have developed a drug candidate, a next-generation biologic medical product...where wound healing was strongly accelerated in mice."

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Health & Fitness News, Enduring Lyme Disease: Why we Avoid Ticks


Healt, Fitness, & Ticks
Enduring Lyme Disease

Why we Avoid Ticks

Severe and lingering symptoms occur in some after treatment for Lyme disease,
Johns Hopkins Medicine, Feburary 1, 2018.

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Health & Fitness: Deep in the Human Past, New Information Requires New Theories


Health & Fitness

New View of Ancient Human Distribution

New Information Requires New Theory

Ancient tools found in India undermine the “out of Africa” hypothesis,
Ars Technica, January 31, 2018.



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Health & Fitness: The Kids Need to Backpack the Sierra , Vigorous Exercise Required for Health


Health & Fitness
The Kids Need to Backpack the Sierra

Vigorous Exercise Required for Health

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Health & Fitness News, Dancing DNA Regulates Mutation: Do the Quantum Jitter-bug


Health & Fitness News
How We Work
The Self-Modification Mechanism

Dancing DNA Regulates Mutation: Do the Quantum Jitter-bug

A mutational timer is built into the chemistry of DNA,
Duke University, January 31, 2018.

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Health & Fitness: Corporate Growth Machine of Death bad for Kids? Creates Poverty?


Health & Fitness

Corporate Growth Machine of Death Bad for Kids?

America's child poverty rate remains stubbornly high despite important progress,
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, January 31, 2018.

We Created This

"....some 41 percent (29.8 million) of America's children were living on the brink of poverty in 2016.."

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Health & Fitness News: Professional Medical Liars, Corporate Medicine Kills Us for Profits


Health & Fitness News
Professional Medical Liars

Corporate Medicine Kills Us for Profits

Drug trial protocol redactions by industry sponsors exposed,
SAGE, January 26, 2018.


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Female Trail: Pioneering Females of Sky & Field, Blum & Petronia


Female Trail News
Pioneers in the Sky and Field

The Pleasures and Pitfalls of Field Life


Dr. Arlene Blum talks big mountain ascents, tragedy, and toxic molecules in Mammoth Lakes, & we meet a female Marine Infantry Combat Officer,
The Sheet, January 20, 2018, PDF, P. 12.

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Mosquito News, Skeeter strategies: Positive and Negative Memories


Mosquito News
Skeeter strategies: Positive and Negative Memories

Scent, Experience, Memory, and Behavior

Mosquitoes remember human smells, but also swats, researchers find,
Virginia Tech, January 25, 2018.

"...mosquitoes can rapidly learn and remember the smells of hosts..."

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Bacteria Wars: Behavior, Strategy, Resistance, and Prospects


Bacteria News
Bacteria War

Organized Chemical Warfare, "allowing them to respond as a collective"

The bacterial 'Game of Thrones,'
University of Oxford, January 25, 2018.

Bacteria Battles 
Different types of Individual Aggressive Behaviors

"...some being hyper-aggressive and others much more passive."

Bacteria Armies

"...what appear to be simple organisms can function in a very sophisticated manner. Their behaviour is more complex than we have previously given them credit for. Much like social insects, such as honey bees and wasps and social animals like birds and mammals who use alarm calls, when under predation, they are capable of generating a coordinated attack."


Like the behavior of flocks of Starlings?


More Bacteria News

Bacteria shares plasmid resistance
Newly Emerged Superbug

Threat from Within
How every new antibiotic is rapidly defeated

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Health & Fitness, BPA: Baby Product Fireproofing Chemicals Cause Baby Development Dysfunctions


Health & Fitness
Baby Product Fireproofing Chemicals

Cause Baby Development Dysfunctions

Placental accumulation of flame retardant chemical alters serotonin production in rats
North Carolina State University, January 22, 2018.

A common flame retardant used in foam-based baby products and furniture is an endrocrine disruptor. Endrocrine disruptors are particulairly dangerous to fetus and children as they can disrupt all aspects of childood development.

"The interuniversity research team recently demonstrated that FM 550 is an endocrine disruptor, with developmental exposure affecting anxiety- and hyperactivity-related behaviors in rats in sex-specific ways. They also showed that three of the FM 550 components dose-dependently accumulate in placenta, with levels higher in male-associated placentas."

"We found that exposure to FM 550 can impact multiple placental pathways critical for early brain development, which is particularly concerning given that it is commonly found in baby products and furniture,"


Last on BPA

BPA "Ubiquitious"

Why? It's in Every Reciept

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Health & Fitness News: BPA Ubiquitious, Why? It's in Every Reciept


Health & Fitness News
BPA Ubiquitious

Why? It's in Every Reciept

A step toward ridding register receipts of BPA,
American Chemical Society, January 17, 2018.

"No, I don't want a reciept with that"

It is interesting to learn that BPA is in virtually every reciept we handle.

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2018 High Sierra Mountain Safety: Backpacker Alert Index


So far this year we've achieved



November 28, 2017:

Now thru the Remainder of the Winter Season

Two Issues

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HEALTH & FITNESS, West Nile Disease: Memory Loss Preventable? News and Information



West Nile Disease

Memory Loss Preventable?

Memory loss from West Nile virus may be preventable,
Washington University School of Medicine, January 16, 2018.

"More than 10,000 people in the United States are living with memory loss and other persistent neurological problems that occur after West Nile virus infects the brain."

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Health & Fitness News, Another Benefit of Natural Engagement: More Attentive Students

Health & Fitness News
Another Benefit of Natural Engagement

More Attentive Students

Students more engaged and attentive following outdoor lesson in nature,
Frontiers, January 11, 2018.

On the other side of the coin, "Mountain Madness."

Mountain Madness is Real

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Health & Fitness: It's Not Too Late, It's Time to get Hiking




Health & Fitness News
It's Not Too Late

It's Time to get Hiking

Middle-aged couch potatoes may reverse heart effects of a sedentary life with exercise training,
American Heart Association, January 8, 2018.

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