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Living Things


Descriptions, experiences, pictures and videos of Living Things in the Sierras.

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Protista: Everything That’s Not Something Else... sticky icon

 

OCEANS, WATER, & AMAZING LIFE

Protista: Everything That’s Not Something Else...

Protista In the Tree of Micro Life
 Two-empire system tree. Six Kingdoms of living things tree. Phylogenetic tree of life. Symbiogenetic evolution of eukaryotes, Maulucioni y Doridí, Wiki.
Pastel pencils drawing of: Two-empire system tree. Six Kingdoms of living things tree. Phylogenetic tree of life. Symbiogenetic evolution of eukaryotes. By Maulucioni y Doridí, Wiki.
 

Study Reveals Vast Diversity of Ocean Microbes,
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, April 24, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

What?
Study of Protista

“Protista,” The Big Catch-All for Microscopic Life

Protista; "...any eukaryote that is not an animal, (land) plant, or (true) fungus" Wiki.

Little Understood
“Advanced molecular techniques have revealed the diversity of a little-understood group of ocean microbes called protists.”

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2019: Massive Bee Declines in Michigan since 2000 sticky icon

 

INSECT WORLD

Bumbler in the High Sierra
Bumble Bee in Jack Main Canyon, Yosemite.
Bumbler scraping some salt off me, Jack Main Canyon, Yosemite National Park, Map.

 

Massive Bee Declines in Michigan

The Buzz about Bumble Bees isn't Good,
Michigan State University, April 22, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Michigan
"In Michigan, there are 19 species of bumble bees and around 445 species of other bees."

Michigan
“...half of the bumble bee species studied have declined by more than 50%.”

World
“...mirror(s) what's happening across the Americas, Europe and Asia, too.”

Vital Eco-Services
"Bumble bees are important pollinators of plants across natural habitats, where they help support the seeds and berries that birds and other animals depend on."

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Weather Report for Cloud Forests: Death Ahead sticky icon

 

ECO-CRASH NEWS

Elfin Cloud Forest
Elfin cloud forest in the El Yunque National Forest of Puerto Rico, USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station, by María Rivera.
Elfin cloud forest in the El Yunque National Forest of Puerto Rico, USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station, by María Rivera.

 

Weather Report for Cloud Forests: Death Ahead

Neotropical Coud Forests to lose what most defines them: Clouds,
USDA Forest Service - Southern Research Station, April 17, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Cloud Forests
90% Gone by 2060
“If greenhouse gas emissions continue increasing as they have been, 90% of Western Hemisphere cloud forests would be affected as early as 2060. The current cloud and frost environment of the highly diverse alpine ecosystems above these equatorial cloud forests, known as páramo, will nearly disappear.”

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News of Fish, Water, Oceans, Ice, & People, Winter & Spring of 2019 sticky icon

News of Fish, Water, Oceans, Ice, & People,

Winter & Spring
2019

This is the High Sierra
Fish, Oceans, Ice, Sealife, & Water News



The Fish News has been stretching into Fish & River News, now into covering Water Issues generally. We cover water as it stands, pools, flows, freezes, and precipitates. A step further, we cover how water affects the things that most directly depend on it, the things that grow, swim, drink, ship, & store water.

 

NOAA West Coast Fisheries

All Sierra Snow

All Sierra Precip

 

Earlier

2018

2015-17 Fish, Ice, Oceans, WATER, & People NEWS & RESEARCH

 

 

2019

Updated

 

April 24

NASTY WATER & CLIMATE CHANGE

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TREE & PLANT NEWS: The Winter & Spring of 2019 sticky icon

 

All Tree News
Generally Covering the Plant World

 

 TREE & PLANT
NEWS

Winter & Spring
of
2019

 

Previously
2015 through 2018 Tree News

 

All
High Sierra Fire and Smoke Information

High Sierra Tree Identification Resources

Tree Forum

 


The Brethren

FERGUSON FIRE

Updated

Previously
2015 through 2018 Tree News

Top

 

 April 19

ECO-CRASH NEWS

Weather Report for Cloud Forests: Death Ahead

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News of Fish, Water, Oceans, Ice, & People, 2018 sticky icon

News of Fish, Water, Oceans, Ice, & People, 2018

This is the High Sierra
Fish, Oceans, Ice, Sealife, & Water News



The Fish News has been stretching into Fish & River News, now into covering Water Issues generally. We cover water as it stands, pools, flows, freezes, and precipitates. A step further, we cover how water affects the things that most directly depend on it, the things that grow, swim, drink, ship, & store water.

 

NOAA West Coast Fisheries

All Sierra Snow

All Sierra Precip

 

Next Fish, Oceans, Ice, & Water News
2019

Previous Water News
2015-17 Fish, Ice, Oceans, WATER, & People NEWS & RESEARCH

 

 

2018

 

Last 2018
Update

 

December 21

 

OCEANS, ICE, WATER, & MAN

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All BUGS, SPIDERS & Other Mountain INSECT NEWS sticky icon

The World of Insects and the Spiders that Eat Them

We've got worlds of wonder in the High Sierra looking in any direction. The ground and sky are full of vibrant insect communities. Some, like the mosquitoes, are winged devils. Others are winged delights. On the ground we find spiders trying to catch and eat them all.

This forum started out as the Spider Forum, but has been expanded to include the various insects we encounter that are not Bees, Butterflies, and Mosquitoes, which have their own dedicated pages.

Spiders
&
Other
High Sierra Insects

IDENTIFICATION

 

Greg Lasley
SPIDERS

 

Greg Lasley
INSECTS

 

Insect Societies

Spider Sites Index
arachnology.be


SpiderIdentification.org

American Arachnological Society

 

How Ticks Work

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Bee News sticky icon

Bee News 

BEE WORRIED

Insect Identification

Latest All Bug News

 

BEE NEWS

THE BUZZ

Updated

2019

 April 22

BEE NEWS

Massive Bee Declines in Michigan

The Buzz about Bumble Bees Isn't Good

 

 

 

APRIL 4

 

BEE NEWS

Bees Winners in Forest Succession Debacle

Wild Bees Flock to Forested Areas Affected by Severe Fire

 

 

 

March 31

 

BEE WAGGLE DANCE LANGUAGE KEY

Waggle Dance Language Key

Science Finds The Rosetta Stone for Bees

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BUTTERFLY NEWS sticky icon

Video embed: 
See video

Endless Butterflies Video

 

Identification
Art Shapiro High Sierra Butterfly Identification by Common Name

 

Trail Guide
High Sierra Butterfly Identification & Resources

 

Review
High Sierra Nevada All Living Things Forum

 

 

BUTTERFLY NEWS
 The whole web of life is being distorted by the  changing character of the seasons on and around the the vastness of the North Pacific Ocean.

 The Sierra Nevada Mountain Range is a significant element in the complex relationship of the North Pacific Ocean weather patterns with the North American continent.

 The relationship between North Pacific weather patterns and the High Sierra is vitally important for the vast overlapping webs of social and natural life depending on bountiful and predictable weather patterns.
These predictable and bountiful resources no longer exist on their own, in Nature, nor in the context of the vast populations to overwhelm Nature that we have spawned.

We have overwhelmed Nature and its resources fundamentally and on its face..

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High Sierra Mammals Reference-Identification sticky icon

High Sierra Small Mammals Forum, Identification, and References 

 

 

References

Mammals, identification, Greg Lasley Photography.

Mammals of Yosemite National Park, (1952) by Harry C. Parker.

For more links about animal, plant, geology, and astronomy information for backpackers see the High Sierra Backpacking links page on the trail guide.

 

 

MAMMAL NEWS

 

 Last Update

 

2019

 

March 27

SMALL MOUNTAIN MAMMALS

The Kangaroo Jumping Rat

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Cold Blooded Guides & News sticky icon

High Sierra
&
General
Frog & Reptile
News and Information

I've got to gather all the frog news here, which is spread out over the monthly news reports.

In the meantime, signed-in members can review previous Frog reports using the site search feature.

 

Goal
Identify and understand the frogs, lizards, and snakes we encounter.

 

Field Notes
The Frog, Reptile, & Snake Forum

 

The mountain yellow-legged frog Site
 MyFrog.info

 

Links from MyFrog & to
frog and reptile resources

 

 

Frog Identification

Guides
The Best of Breed

MyHerps.com:
A Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of California

California Frogs Photo Idenification

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Sierra Nevada Hiking and backpacking with Dogs sticky icon

Hiking Dogs in the High Sierra

 

High Sierra Hiking Dog News,
below, & Links

 

Introduction

I consider dogs an integral part of High Sierra Trail Culture, and have met some fine canines along the long trails. 

Alex Wierbinski's picture

Great Basin Flyway Drying Out

 

LIVES of BIRDS

Great Basin Flyway Drying Out

Western Bird Species Are Struggling In Face Of Rapidly Changing Climate,
KPBS, April 8, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Changed and Changing More
“...climate change is putting stress on wetlands in the West's Great Basin and that is putting pressure on bird populations navigating the Pacific Flyway.”

“Snowmelt is arriving too early and not sticking around long enough...”

General Decline
“Eleven of those 14 birds that we looked at there were significant correlations between changes in climate and a decrease in population.”

Scope
“The basin includes most of Nevada and parts of Utah, Arizona, Oregon and the eastern edge of California.”

What’s Driving Climate Change, in the First Place?
Long Over-Development
"But that’s not to say that urbanization and other uses of water have not severely affected birds in the great basin and elsewhere.”

 

Related Research

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Long Consequences of Our Own, Home Brewed, Extinction Event

 

ANTHROPOCENE

What's Left?
Extinction Survivor Species
Plankton
Extinction Survivor Species, Plankton, The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences/John Maisano.
An artist's interpretation of the sea floor after the mass extinction that wiped out the dinosaurs. The three hair-covered forms (left) represent species of plankton that survived. The geometric form (bottom left) is a species of algae. The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences/John Maisano.
 

Consequences of Our Own Extinction Event

Evolution imposes 'speed limit' on recovery after mass extinctions,
University of Texas at Austin, April 8, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Return to Normalcy
Now, + 10 mil
“It takes at least 10 million years for life to fully recover after a mass extinction...”

Alex Wierbinski's picture

Bees Winners in Mega Fire Forest Succession Debacle

 

 

BEE NEWS

 

Oregonian Bee
Triepeolus on Canada thistle, Jim Rivers, OSU.
Triepeolus on Canada thistle, Jim Rivers, OSU

 

Bees Winners in Mega Fire Forest Succession Debacle

Wild bees flock to forested areas affected by severe fire,
Oregon State University, April 3, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

“...wildfire severity is a strong predictor of bee diversity in mixed-conifer forest.”

“...trapping bees at 43 sites in forests burned by the 2013 Douglas Complex fire (info pdf) that scorched nearly 50,000 acres north of Grants Pass.”

“...collected bees with blue-vane traps, which attract the insects by reflecting ultraviolet light, and used satellite imagery to determine fire severity.”

Bees Love the Blues

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The Farce Continues: India, China, & Brazil Exempt from, Environmental “Pacts,”

ENVIRONMENTAL DESTRUCTION, FORESTRY DIVISION

 

Forest Restoration Agreement Map
 A World of Opportunity (World Resource Institute, 2011).

Restoration opportunity map across 43 tropical and sub-tropical countries. Data source: Minnemeyer, S., et al. Bonn Challenge: A World of Opportunity (World Resource Institute, 2011). Big Map.

 

The Farce Continues: India, China, & Brazil Exempt from, “Pacts,”
&
Cheating Forest Pact all the Way to Environmental Destruction

 

Restore natural forests to meet global climate goals,
University College London, April 2, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

The Failing Farce
“International plans to restore forests to combat global warming are flawed and will fall far short of meeting 1.5C climate targets...”

Alex Wierbinski's picture

Waggle Dance Language Key: Science Finds The Rosetta Stone for Bees

 

 

BEE WAGGLE DANCE LANGUAGE KEY

Bee, Marked for Waggle Dance Reading
 Virginia Tech.
The researchers analyzed the dances of 85 marked bees from three hives. Credit: Virginia Tech

 

Science Finds The Rosetta Stone for Bees

Codifying the Universal Language of Honey Bees,
Virginia Tech, March 27, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

Bee Language Key?
“...the researchers present an extraordinary foundational advance - a universal calibration, or for science fiction aficionados, a "babel fish," that translates honey bee communications across sub-species and landscapes.”

What
“The researchers analyzed the dances of 85 marked bees from three hives.”

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Deadliest Disease Ever: History, Mechanism, Effects of Chytrid Fungus

 

AMPHIBIAN APOCALYPSE

 

Cytrid Spores from Batrachochytrium Fungus
VIDEO: DANCING SPORES
Cytrid Spores from Batrachochytrium Fungus, from the video by Luís Felipe Toledo.
Look at those wriggling little fungus devils! Batrachochytrium releases its spores in water, and the spores are able to swim until they infect a host, video by Luís Felipe Toledo. Check-out the spores in full screen mode, to get the best impression of their intense activity.

 

Deadliest Disease Ever
The History, Mechanism, and Effects of the Deadly Chytrid Fungus

 

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Kangaroo Rat Escapes Attacking Rattlesnake by Kicking the Sucker in the Head

SMALL MOUNTAIN MAMMALS

 

Kangaroo Rat Kicking Rattlesnake Head while Out-Jumping Strike Speed
Kangaroo rat defensive kicking of rattlesnake while jumping, By Ninja Rats.
Lower legs planted on Rattler’s head, By Ninja Rats, Videos.

 

The Kangaroo Jumping Rat

High-speed videos capture how kangaroo rat escapes rattlesnake attack,
University of California - Riverside, March 27, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

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German Butterflies Going Down: Industrial Agriculture Killing Butterflies

 

BUG WORLD

Germ Butterflies Going Down
Butterfly, German Hominy Blue, Jan C. Habel / TUM.
German Hominy Blue,Jan C. Habel / TUM

 

Butterfly numbers down by two thirds,
Technical University of Munich (TUM), March 20, 2019.

MAIN POINTS

The Germs
“...home to roughly 33,500 species of insects”

Going Down Hard
“...but their numbers are decreasing dramatically. Of the 189 species of butterflies currently known from Germany, 99 species are on the Red List, 5 have already become extinct, and 12 additional species are threatened with extinction.”

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